UPSC NDA/ NA 2018: The National Defence Academy (NDA) NA (Indian Naval Academy) examination (II), 2018, is scheduled to be held on September 09. The examination is being conducted by the UPSC for admission into the Indian Army, navy, and air force wings of the NDA.
The written examination will have two papers — Paper (I) mathematics and Paper (II) general ability test. Following diagram will explain the contents of these two papers with marking scheme:
Exam pattern for UPSC NDA/ NA 2017
It can be observed that mark per question in mathematics is 2.5 marks and mark per question in general ability test is four marks.
Paper (II) general ability test will have the following two sections:
Note that general knowledge section contains questions from science too. Following is the mark-wise breakup of general knowledge section — physics (100 marks), chemistry (60 marks), general science (40 marks), Indian history (mostly modern Indian history, that is, Indian freedom movement, etc., 80 marks), geography (80 marks), and current affairs (40 marks).
Strategies to crack NDA examination 2018
(1) Balancing the preparation: You still have days to prepare for this examination. Most of the times, we have found that students keep preparing for the areas in which they are good at and ignoring the other areas making themselves believe that they are not good at it.
This is quite counterproductive. There will be easy to moderate to difficult questions in all the sections. If you have not balanced your preparation judiciously, you will end up attempting the difficult question (with less probability of getting solved) than the easy ones in some other section (with more probability of getting solved). Overall, this will drag your score down.
In addition, never start a concept/chapter with the objective of just “finishing” it. Rather, the objective should be deriving the knowledge out of it.
Once you have taken care of the aforementioned point comes the need of taking the mock papers. Remember that even cricketer Sachin Tendulkar used to go for a net practice before every match. It is not that he was not aware of handling any particular bowler or ball but practice keeps you alert.
(2) Attempt the paper: You may love physics or chemistry as a subject. But, the idea behind an examination is not to get emotionally attached to a question. If there is a question from English section easier than the question from physics, attempt the easier question. Objective is to maximise the score in each of the papers.
(3) Solving the paper: It is advisable to solve the examination paper in two rounds. In the first round of approximately 30 minutes, you should have solved all the easy questions and scanned the whole paper to identify the questions that you are going to attempt in the second round.
Do not attempt any question that, you believe, will take more than a minute in the first round. Rather, you can mark these questions to be attempted in the second round. Within the first 30 minutes (round 1), you should have identified the questions in following three categories:
Category (a): Easy questions — solutions are clear until the end. Most of these questions would have been answered by you so far (in round 1).
Category (b): Moderate questions—you have the basic idea of solving these questions, but the end solution is not clear. Attempt these questions after finishing all the questions in category (a).
Category (c): Difficult questions—you do not have any idea how to solve these questions. Salute these questions, and let them go.
(4) Attempt memory-based questions: Questions from Indian history, geography, current affairs, and vocabulary will be memory-based (30 questions will be from antonyms, synonyms, and fill in the blanks, which are quite easy questions in nature).
This is approximately of 280–300 marks of total 900 marks. In other words, approximately one-third of the paper comprises memory-based questions. While attempting these questions, use elimination technique to mark the answer but avoid wild guessing anywhere in the paper.
NDA/NA Written Exam – Tips & Tricks
Making up mind early to crack NDA can be great asset. If you have decided to take up the NDA challenge before class X then make sure to take science stream with mathematics in class XI. Students from humanity background will have to work harder as compared to their science counterparts. The NDA written exam consist of two parts and different sections. A aspirant should have a clear idea about syllabus, weightage, difficulty level and trend of each of these section/paper.
NDA written exam has a success ratio of around 1.5%, so it require a serious effort and a well thought strategy. We have tried to knock down few of main points to consider while strategizing for NDA written exam preparation.
Before diving into individual sections, few points which will help you in preparing for the written exam as whole
- The study material should be concise, suffice and exhaustive. Aim & Achieve provide classroom coaching at its South Delhi centres, as well as candidates can grab study material at very reasonable price.
- You are not preparing for IIT, just prepare according to NDA exam. There are many books available in the market, which use previous year IIT-JEE questions in the name of NDA. Make sure to prepare up to the LEVEL required.
- Attempt at least 10 complete length mock test papers towards the tail end of your preparations.
- Target at least around 550-600 marks to get a SSB interview call
Paper 1 – Mathematics
- 120 questions, 300 marks, 2.5 hours (150 minutes), 1.25 minutes/question, Penalty/negative marking of 0.83 marks
- 65% Class XI
- 35% Class XII
- Average difficulty level (a notch higher than board exams)
- First and most important to have clear concepts
- Once desired accuracy is achieved only than student should start working towards speed
- Learning shortcut tips over traditional method may be of great help to attempt more questions in timely manner. At Aim & Achieve, tricks & tips are also discussed besides traditional methods
- While preparing for board examinations, make sure to solve MCQs to get a feel of probable NDA exam pattern
- 150 questions, 600 marks, 2.5 hours, 1 minute/question
- Penalty/negative marking of 1.33 marks
- Try to complete general awareness sections quickly to get more time for English comprehension and General Science portions
- The syllabus is vast, but taking up section to section will give you a sense of confidence and syllabus coverage
Paper 2 – Part ‘A’ – English
- 50 questions, 200 marks, targeted completion time should be 30-35 minutes
- Strong word power is the key – target 10 news words daily
- Reading newspaper daily will help in English as well as current affair section. Reading newspaper editorials will also increase your English reading speed, which will a bonus for comprehension portion
- Coaching from industry experts like Aim & Achieve
- Focus on common English language usage errors
Paper 2 – Part ‘B’ – Section Physics
- Tentatively 25 questions, 100 marks, targeted completion time should be 30-35 minutes
- Crystal clear concepts up to class X is the key
- Follow NCERT books up to class XII
- A thorough knowledge of basic physics fundamentals
- Difficulty level moderate, conceptual questions, very few numerical
Paper 2 – Part ‘B’ – Section Chemistry, General Science (Biology & others)
- Tentatively 25 questions, 100 marks, targeted completion time should be 20 minutes
- Basic and factual questions from NCERT CLASS VIII, IX & X science books
- Difficulty level easy
- Precise key notes is the key
Paper 2 – Part ‘B’ – Section History, Civics & Polity
- Tentatively 20 questions, 80 marks, targeted completion time should be 20 minutes
- Emphasis should be given to modern history
- Basic understanding of various government organizations, election procedure
- Relationships of various countries with Mother India
Paper 2 – Part ‘B’ – Section Geography, current events
- Tentatively 30 questions, 120 marks, targeted completion time should be 30 minutes
- Geography questions are conceptual. Student need understanding of the concept rather than mugging up the facts.
- In Current affairs section maximum focus is on defence, various commissions, sport events, heads of various organizations. Maximum focus will be on last 2-3 months.
- Stay updated, read newspaper daily.
- At Aim & Achieve, we publish a news digest weekly in our update section of our website. This exercise has proven of immense help to the students. We also conduct a weekly discussion session on news digest to maximize current events coverage.
- Try to visualize the sequence and reasons while studying history. Cramming to much may prove to be a very dry exercise for many.
What is NDA
NDA Stands for National Defence Academy, which is a premier joint training Institution and center of excellence for producing junior officers, for the Indian armed forces, and armed forces of friendly foreign countries. NDA imparts training to young men, who choose the Armed Forces as their career. The training equips the students with mental, moral and physical attributes required to cope with the challenges of the future battle field. They are given an intensive education in Science, Technology, Arts and Military subjects. At the end of their three-year course, which is split into six terms, a cadet is awarded a Bachelor’s Degree from JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University). In the three years at NDA, student is transformed into a potential officer and a gentleman.
On successful completion of the three-year training course at NDA, Khadakwasla, Pune
- Army cadets proceed to the Indian Military Academy at Dehradun
- Naval cadets to Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala
- Air Force cadets to the Air Force Academy at Hyderabad
After completion of one year of training at their respective academies, they are commissioned as officers into respective services
How to join NDA
To join NDA a aspirant must appear in NDA entrance exam conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). The NDA entrance examination is held twice a year. UPSC is solely responsible for issuing guidelines for selection and the final conduct of the entrance examination. NDA has no role to play in selection procedure, setting eligibility criterion, examination details etc.
NDA/NA (National Defence Academy & Naval Academy) examination is conducted by UPSC and held twice a year. The exam held in April-May is known as NDA/NA(I) for admission in December course. NDA/NA(II) is held in September-October for admission in July course.
NDA Exam Pattern
|Subject||Code||Duration||Maximum Marks||No. of Questions||Marks/Ques.||Time/Ques.||-ve marks|
|Mathematics||01||2.5 hrs||300||120||2.5||90 secs||0.83|
|General Ability||02||2.5 hrs||600||150||4.0||72 secs||1.33|
Details of Papers for NDA
|Subject||No. of questions||Marks|
|Section A – Physics||25||100|
|Section B – Chemistry||15||60|
|Section C – General Science||10||40|
|Section D – History, Civics||20||80|
|Section E – Geography||20||80|
|Section F – Current Events||10||40|
- Paper I (Mathematics – 300 marks)
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its application. Logarithms and their applications.
- Matrices and Determinants
Types of matrices, operations on matrices Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinant. Ad-joint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.
- Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
- Differential Calculus
Concept of a real valued function – domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect of another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
- Integral Calculus and Differential equations
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
- Vector Algebra
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of vector, scalar product or dot product of two-vectors. Vector product and cross product of two vectors. Applications-work done by a force and moment of a force, and in geometrical problems.
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics– Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.
- Probability– Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
- Paper-II (General Ability Test – 600 marks)
- Part ‘A’ – ENGLISH (Maximum Marks 200)
- Grammar and usage
- Reading Comprehension
- Cohesion in extended text
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section A (Physics) ~ 100 marks
- Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
- Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.
- Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.
- Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments.
- Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye.
- Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
- Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
- General Principles in the working of the following – Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section B (Chemistry) ~ 60 marks
- Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
- Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
- Acids, bases and salts.
- Carbon – different forms
- Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial
- Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder.
- Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section C (General Science) ~ 40 marks
- Difference between the living and non- living.
- Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
- Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
- Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs.
- Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
- Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.
- The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
- Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section D (History) ~ 80 marks
- A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
- Freedom Movement in India.
- Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration.
- Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India.
- Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
- Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section E (Geography) ~ 80 marks
- The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
- Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes.
- Ocean Currents and Tides
- Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World.
- Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities.
- Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
- Part ‘B’ – GK – Section C (Current Events) ~ 40 marks
- Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years.
- Current important world events.
- Prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
- Part ‘A’ – ENGLISH (Maximum Marks 200)
NDA Cut Off
Candidates who are appearing for NDA II 2018 exam, must know the cut-off of past year NDA exams before going to apply. Here, Aim & Achieve – the most premium coaching institute for govt. exam is providing detailed analysis of previous year NDA written exam’s cut-offs.
The cut off of NDA is the minimum qualifying marks that candidates have to secure to qualify the exam and become eligible for next round of selection process. NDA 1 result for written exam has been announced on June 15, 2018. NDA 1 cut off for written exam will be released by UPSC in November, 2018 after completion of selection process.
Types of NDA Cut Off :
NDA Sectional cut off – The sectional cut-off is the minimum qualifying percentage that candidates have to score in each section. According to sectional cut-off, candidates have to secure the qualifying percentage in each subject – Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The sectional cut-off differs year-wise for NDA 1 and 2.
NDA Overall Cut off – The overall cut off for NDA 1 and 2 is calculated out of the total marks. It is the total marks that candidates have to secure at written and SSB Interview stage to be selected for admission. Only those candidates who secure the overall cut off are declared qualified.
Factors determining NDA Cut off :
- The cut-off is decided based on the following factors.
- Number of candidates appeared for the exam
- Total number of vacancies
- Difficulty level of exam.
NDA Year Wise Cut-off
|Year||NDA(I) (Max Marks : 900)||NDA(II) (Max Marks : 900)|
(With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 708
(With at least 25% marks in each subject)Marks secured by the last candidate in the Merit order (out of 1800 marks)624
(With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 656
(With at least 25% marks in each subject)Marks secured by the last candidate in the Merit order (out of 1800 marks)602
(With at least 30% marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (out of 1800 marks) 674
(With at least 25% marks in each subject) Marks secured by the last recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 637
What is CDS
CDS stands for Combined Defense Services in Indian Armed Forces, Army, Navy and Air Force in which graduate candidates are selected through a written exam and personality test by the Service Selection Board.
After the final selection, the candidates are sent to one of the following institutes for orientation training:
- Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun
- Naval Academy, Goa
- Air Force Academy, Begumpet, Hyderabad
- Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai
Those joining the IMA, INA & AFA get permanent commission, however cadets passing the OTA get short service commission.
Note: OTA – Chennai is the only Training Academy for Women Army Officers.
Only unmarried men and women can apply for the combined defense services, except in the case of Non-Tech Men for OTA Chennai.
About CDS Exam
CDS or Combined Defence Services exam is a national level test conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) twice a year that gives opportunity to potential and eligible youths to join defence services in order to serve the nation. Candidates can apply for Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Officer’s Training Academy, whichever they want as per their educational and age qualification. Selected candidates are then called for an interview by Service Selection Board (SSB).
Eligibility Criteria for CDS Exam
- Age criteria: For unmarried male candidates who want to apply for Indian Military Academy (IMA) age limit is between 19 to 24 years and for Indian Naval Academy (INA) age limit should be between 19 to 22 years. While for Officer’s Training Academy the age limit is 19 to 25 years.
- Educational qualification: IMA and OTA requires candidates who are graduates in any discipline from a recognized university whereas Air Force Academy require candidates with a degree in bachelor of engineering, provided that the candidates have studied physics and mathematics at intermediate level.
CDS Exam Pattern
For IMA, INA & AFA
|General Knowledge||2 hrs.||100|
|Elementary Mathematics||2 hrs.||100|
For Officer’s training academy
|General Knowledge||2 hrs.||100|
Modes of Entry: Officers
- Indian Military Academy
- Indian Naval Academy
- Air force Academy
- Officers Training Academy
Recruitments to other ranks in Indian army are conducted through below listed exams:
- Indian Army Soldier General Duty Exam
- Indian Army Soldier Technical Exam
- Indian Army Soldiers Clerk/ Store Keeper Exam
- Indian Army Soldier Nursing Assistant Exam
- Indian Army Soldier Tradesman General Duties and Specified Duties Exam
- Indian Army Surveyor Auto Cartographer Exam
- Indian Army Havildar Education
- Indian Army JCO Religious Teacher Exam
- Indian Army JCO Catering Exam
Apart from these, for Indian Navy Examinations:
The Indian Naval Academy caters abandon of opportunities to those people who love to travel and meet new people. There are many challenges and duty is 24*7 but it gives higher returns after remuneration. Below is the examination list to get admitted in Indian Naval Academy:
- Indian Navy Artificer Apprentices Examination
- Indian Navy Sailors Metric Entry Recruitment Examination
- Indian Navy Direct Entry Artificer Examination for diploma holders
- Indian Navy Sailors Examination Direct Entry
- Indian Navy Dockyard Apprentices Examination
- Indian Navy Examination for Education, law and logistics cadre branches.
As far as the IAF or Indian Air Force Examinations are concerned, they are also conducted on the basis of different post. It provides plenty of opportunities to the people who are metric passed or below, or diploma, graduate or post degree holders.
The notification of CDS exam comes in the month of October and June whereas their exams are conducted in the months of February and November
CDS Exam Centres
At following centres, cds exam is conducted. Candidates can choose their centre as per their convenience while filling the online cds form.
Candidates who are applying for IMA, INA & AFA, have to give all three papers namely English, General Knowledge & Elementary Mathematics. But candidates, who are applying for Officer’s training academy, have to give only two papers namely English & General Knowledge.
The CDS II 2018 syllabus details are given below.
- PAPER – 1: ENGLISH:
- The question paper is designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.
- Basic grammar topics, comprehension, synonyms, antonyms, Para jumbles and error spotting.
- PAPER – 2: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE:
- Current events, daily news paper headlines, chemistry, history, geography etc.
- General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject.
- The Paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which Candidate should be able to answer without special study.
- PAPER – 3: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS:
- The standard of the papers in Elementary Mathematics will be of matriculation level.
- Number System—Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.
- Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.
- Elementary Number Theory—Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11. Multiples and factors.
- Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.
- Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, Solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered).
- Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in equations in two Variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions.
- Set language and set notation, rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.
- Trigonometry: Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 0 ≤x ≤90 Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90, Simple trigonometric identities, Use of trigonometric tables, Simple cases of heights and distances.
- Geometry:Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on
- Properties of angles at a Point,
- Parallel lines,
- Sides and angles of a triangle,
- Congruency of triangles,
- Similar triangles,
- Concurrence of medians and altitudes,
- Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square,
- Circles and its properties including tangents and normal, (ix) Loci.
- Mensuration: Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which Can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and Volume of spheres.
- Statistics: Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation, frequency Polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.
How to crack CDS Written Exam
Combined Defence Services Exam is a national level competitive exam which is conducted by UPSC for recruitment of various vacancies under Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers Training Academy.
It offers another crucial chance for all those aspirants who have completed their graduation in distinct branches. It is the next opportunity for the candidates after NDA, which offers an exciting career in defence services – IMA, INA, AFA & OTA on the graduation basis. UPSC conducts CDS Written Exam twice a year, Generally CDS I exam is conducted in month of February & CDS II is conducted in month of November. This year CDS II 2018 exam will be held on 18th November 2018 (Sunday).
Candidates who are seeking to make their career in defence services through CDS II 2018 exam, they must be sure that they are following a best study plan which is manageable and help to crack this cds exam. We are going to mention a study plan that will boost your confidence on topic how to crack CDS II 2018 Exam. Aim & Achieve provides a best study plan which is prepared by a team of expert faculties who are mastered in their respective fields.
CDS preparation strategy
- First of all, candidates must know about the CDS syllabus.
- Candidates must study at least 10 years CDS previous questions papers.
- Studying past year papers help candidates to understand the weightage of questions in CDS exam. After analysing CDS exam syllabus and past year papers, candidates can recognize their strong and weak points for cds exam.
- Candidates should know the cut-off marks of previous year exam. Cut-off marks help to know that how many questions should be attempted to crack this cds exam.
- Pay special attention to those topics from which more questions has been asked in past year papers.
- Do Mock Tests: Mock Tests help candidates to know where they are stand and also help for time management.
- Study at least 6 Months Current Affairs before exam.
- Get limited but best study material for CDS exam.
- Revise and practice your study material in multiple times. Revise study material at least 4 to 5 times before the exam.
- Candidates should attempt only those questions in which they are 100% sure about the answer & can be solved within 1 minute.
- Candidates must take this point in note that wrong answer will give them negative mark & this negative mark can give a big negative impact on final marks. So don’t try to solve those questions in which you are having confusion.
So as a conclusion, we want to advised cds aspirants that to crack cds exam, it is important to collect maximum information on cut-off marks trend, previous year papers, syllabus, exam pattern then best study material available in the market.
For quick & planned guidance cds aspirants can join a coaching institute which offers good study plan, best faculties and Top Learning environment to get prepared for cds written exam.
CDS Cut Off
In this article, we are going to discuss cut-offs of last 5 year cds exams. Candidates appearing for CDS (II) 2018 can check expected and previous years’ CDS cut off.
CDS cut off is the minimum qualifying marks that candidates have to secure to qualify the exam and become eligible for next round of selection process i.e. Services Selection Board (SSB). A final merit list is prepared on the basis of total marks secured by candidates in written exam and SSB Tests.
The CDS written exam cut off and final cut off for all courses is decided and released by UPSC after two months of final result. As per analysis of CDS last year cut off candidates have to score minimum 20 % in each subject in written exam to be eligible for CDS 2018.
The candidates who secure minimum qualifying marks as per the CDS cut off 2018 are considered for admission to Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), Air Force Academy (AFA) and Officers’ Training Academy (OTA). The final selection is done on the basis of merit and preference subject to medical fitness and number of vacancies available under CDS 2018.
CDS I 2018 Written Test Cut-off
CDS II 2017 Written Test Cut-off
CDS I 2017 Written Test Cut-off
CDS II 2016 Written Test Cut-off
CDS I 2016 Written Test Cut-off
CDS II 2015 Written Test Cut-off
CDS I 2015 Written Test Cut-off
CDS II 2014 Written Test Cut-off
CDS I 2014 Written Test Cut-off
CDS II 2013 Written Test Cut-off
CDS I 2013 Written Test Cut-off
CDS Frequently Asked Questions
- Question: How do I access the site to fill up the online application?
Answer: An applicant should log on to https://upsconline.nic.in/ to access the home page of the online application.
- Question: When can I submit online application for a particular examination? Can I apply any time during the year for a particular examination?
Answer: An applicant should apply for a particular examination only when it has been notified by the Commission. The complete and detailed information is available on Commission’s website https://www.upsc.gov.in and at the website for filling the online application for particular notified exam/exams at https://upsconline.nic.in/.
- Question: How many times CDS exam are conducted?
Answer: CDS exams are conducted twice a year i.e. CDS I in February and CDS II in November.
- Question: What documents are required while filling the on-line application form?
Answer: Candidates should have valid email ID, contact number, a soft copy of Photo and signature or thumb impression in required size and format. While the time of filling CDS exam online application form.
Candidates also required payment source documents (Credit card, debit card, Net banking) to make payment online as CDS application fee. You may also deposit your fees cash in any of given state bank branches
- Question: How do I resize my photo?
Answer: It is absolutely necessary to upload the picture as per the guidelines in the form. You need to resize it to the given guidelines. An easiest way is to do so using the MS-Paint and Photoshop.
- Question: My name as per the Matriculation / Secondary Examination certificate is more than 30 characters long. What should I do, as the name field in the Online Application has a limit of 30 characters?
Answer: In the online application, as you fill up your name in the name field, if it reaches the default size of 30 characters, an additional field for full name will appear in the form and a pop up message i.e. “Your name is exceeding 30 characters kindly use abbreviation in the Name column”. You may fill the full name in the Additional Field. Full Name field has a capacity of 70 characters.
- Question: Is it necessary to fill up both the parts i.e. part-I and part-II of the application?
Answer: Yes, it is necessary to fill up both the parts i.e. part-I and part-II of the application.
- Question: If I don’t fill part-II of registration. Will my application be rejected or not?
Answer: Yes, the application will be rejected.
- Question: What is the procedure to pay the fee for the examination?
Answer: There are three options for the payment of fee-Pay –
- by Cash in any branch of State Bank of India,
- Pay by credit/debit Card and
- Pay by Net Banking facility of SBI.
- Question: What is the difference between CDS and NDA Exam?
Answer: Where the NDA examinations recruit for the Army, Naval and Air Force whereas the CDS examinations are conducted for recruitment for IMA, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and OTA.
- Question: Is there any other bank in addition to SBI where fee can be deposited by cash?
Answer: No, the fee may be deposited in cash only in any branch of State Bank of India.
- Question: How will I re-enter the system to submit my cash transaction details of the fee if I log out of the system now?
Answer: An applicant, after having obtained the TRANSACTION ID number, should again log in by making use of the Registration ID number generated at the time of submission of Part-I of application & the date of birth of the applicant and thereafter enter the relevant particulars in the remaining columns. The Registration ID is also available on the challan.
- Question: When the relevant particulars i.e. the community/ age relaxation requirements/ disability status/ year of birth etc. do not appear in the corresponding parameters available in the drop-out menu. How should I fill up the relevant columns?
Answer: Before filling up the application, please check that you have selected the right examination in case more than one exam is notified during that period. In case, the applicant desires to opt for a criteria/parameter which is different from the one contained in the drop-down menu, would lead to the inference with the system that the candidate is not eligible for this examination on account of different parameter.
- Question: How will I get the admit card if I have submitted the application online?
Answer: All admitted candidates can download e-AC with details of centre address around three weeks ahead of Examination Date once Admit Card are uploaded on https://www.upsc.gov.in . No e-mails sent in this regard.
- Question: What is the format of scanned photograph and signature?
Answer: The images of the photograph and signature should be scanned in the .jpg format. No other format is acceptable by the online system.
- Question: Whether the photograph should be in Black & white or should it be in a colour?
Answer: Both are acceptable as long as they are as per the given specifications and quality of photograph is good enough to be identifiable and acceptable.
- Question: What should be the size of the scanned photograph and the signature?
Answer: The candidate should scan his/her signature which has been put on white paper with black ink pen. Each of the scanned images of the photograph/signature should not exceed 40 KB in size (for photograph, the pixel size is 140 pixels height x110 pixels width and for signature it should be 110 pixels height x140 pixels width) and also to be ensured that the uploaded photograph/signature are proper.
The Candidates may note that if the quality of photograph/signature is poor, the application is liable to be rejected after having clicked on the Confirm Upload button; the system will not allow any changes in the photograph/signature.
- Question: How do I know that my application is registered? ORHow do I reconfirm that my application is saved and received in the commission’s office?
Answer: The successful submission of the online application requires the completion of two parts of the application correctly. After completing the part-I of the application the system generates a unique number which is known as the Registration ID (RID). After the completion of all the columns in part-II, a fresh page displays the message that the application has been submitted successfully. The generation of the unique registration ID number combined with the display of this message indicates that the application has been registered.
- Question: I filled my form and successfully paid the application fee through online payment gateway (once or several times). However this is not showing in the application status. What should I do?
Answer: If you have paid through Debit / Credit card and Online Application again shows payment options to pay again then you have to pay a fresh. In case, you have paid through Internet Banking facility then Login into Part II and click on Status link at the bottom of the screen. Unless Online Application shows successful payment, you cannot fill the application form.
- Question: I got Blank / Zero Registration No. after submission of application on-line. What should i do?
Answer: This may mean that the application has not been submitted successfully and you are required to apply afresh.
- Question: What details should I retain after completion of successful submission of my form?
Answer: It is strongly advised that after the completion of the process of submission of the online application, the applicant must take a print out of the submitted application form and keep the same for future reference. The candidate is also advised to keep his fee payment proof which might be required by the commission in case of any discrepancy.
- Question: How eligibility of age is calculated?
Answer: Candidates are advised to visit official notification for cds exam.
- 19-24 Years – Indian Military Academy
- 19-22 Years – Naval Academy
- 19-23 Years – Air Force Academy
- 19-25 Years – Officers’ Training Academy.
- Question: What is the education qualification for cds exam?
Answer: Candidates with bachelor can apply for cds exam. There are some criteria :
- IMA and OTA: Degree of a recognized University or equivalent
- Naval Academy: B.Sc. with Physics & Mathematics or Bachelor of Engg.
- Air Force Academy: B.Sc. with Physics and/or Mathematics or Bachelor of Engg.
- Question: Can I change my centre after submission of application?
Answer: Change of Centre cases are normally discouraged by UPSC. However, written request duly signed addressing to J.S. (Exam), UPSC may be sent for change of centre request towards its consideration based on its merit.
- Question: What should I do in case some mistake found in my application after its submission?
Answer: You can submit multiple applications & required to pay the fee with new RID in case you are not a fee exempted candidate and your RID for latest submitted completed application will be considered for processing and all earlier submitted applications will be cancelled by online system.
- Question: How many attempts are allowed for appearing in CDS exams?
Answer: There is no such no. of attempts is mentioned in CDS notification or on UPSC website. Students can attempt till they fulfil the age criteria of CDS application.
- Question: Is there any specific % require to apply for CDS?
Answer: No. As per the CDS notification & UPSC website, there is no such criteria is mentioned. Candidates only have to secure passing marks to apply cds exam.
- Question: What are age criteria for cds exam?
Answer: There is difference in age criteria according to the posts-
- For Indian Military Academy:- 19 to 24 years
- For Officer’s Training Academy:- 19 to 25 years
- For Naval Academy:- 19 to 22 years
- For Air Force Academy:- 19 to 23 years
- Question: What is the CDS Exam Pattern
Answer: CDS 2018 is a written exam which consists of only Multiple Choice Questions. For getting into Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy, candidates are required to appear for all the 3 papers- English, General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics. However, For Officers Training Academy, candidates must take two papers only- English and GK. Each paper carries 100 marks.
The question paper will also consist of questions involving the metric system of Weights and Measures only will be set. Those who qualify in the written test are called for the second stage i.e., Intelligence and Personality Test.
- Question: Who can apply for cds exam?
Answer: The candidate must either be:
- A citizen of India,
- A subject of Bhutan,
- A subject of Nepal,
- A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the first July, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
- A person of Indian origin migrated from outside country with the intention of permanently settling in India.
- Question: What is CDS SSB Interview Process?
Answer: After clearing the written test in CDSE, the candidates have to go through a series of personality tests, which is called the Service Selection Board. This interview commonly known as SSB has different types of tests to judge a person’s personality. . SSB consists of three types of tests.
- The Screening Test
- The Psychological Tests
- The Interview
- Question: Can female/girl candidates apply for CDS exam?
Answer: Yes, Female (unmarried) candidates can apply for CDS only for the post of Officers Training Academy (OTA).
- Question: What is the educational qualification required for CDS exam?
Answer: Education Qualification varies according to the post-
- For Indian Military Academy: Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.
- For Air Force Academy:Sc with Physics and/ Or Mathematics Or Bachelor of Engineering is required.
- For Officer Training Academy:Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.
- For Naval Academy:Sc with Physics and Mathematics or Bachelor of Engineering is required.
- Question: What is the cds exam fee & who are exempted from paying fees in cds exam?
Answer: Candidates (excepting Female/SC/ST candidates who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay a fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two Hundred Only).
- Question: What is the marital status for cds exam?
Answer: There is variation of marital status for cds exam –
- For IMA & INA: Unmarried male candidates only are eligible.
- For Air Force Academy:Candidates holding valid and current Commercial Pilot Licence issued by DGCA (India) is relaxable upto 26 only are eligible.
- For Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Course for men) :Male candidates (married or unmarried) only are eligible.
- For Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) :Unmarried women, issueless widows who have not remarried and issueless divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible
Note: Candidate below 25 years of age must be unmarried. Marriage is not permitted during training. Married candidates above 25 years of age are eligible to apply but during training period they will neither be provided married accommodation nor can they live with family out of the premises.
- Question: When I will receive Admit Card (AC) once I had submitted my completed application.
Answer: All admitted candidates can download e-AC with details of centre address around three weeks ahead of Examination Date once Admit Card are uploaded on https://www.upsc.gov.in/
- Question: If i don’t have final year mark sheet for SSB/Interview of cds exam. What can i do?
Answer: In case a candidate is a final year student he will be required to get a mark sheet from the principal.
- Question: What is the medical eligibility for cds exam?
Answer: Candidates must be physically and mentally fit according to the given standards.
- vision standard for Naval and Airforce
- For Male:
- Candidate must able to read 6/6 in a distant vision chart with each eye with or without glasses (For Navy and Air Force without glasses only).
- Myopia should not be more than 3.5D
- Hypermetropia should not be more than 3.5D including Astigmatism.
- For Female:
- Aspirant must able to read 6/6 (better eye) and 6/8 (worse eye) in a distant vision chart with or without glasses
- Myopia should not be more than minus 5.5 including Astogination.
- Internal examination of the eye will be done by means of ophthalmoscope to rule out any disease of the eye.
- A candidate must have a good binocular vision.
- The color vision standard will be CP-III.
- A candidate should be able to recognize red and green colors.
- Teeth, Ear, Nose and Throat Conditions:
- CDS Physical Qualification also covers your conditions of teeth, ear Nose, Throat etc. Check the standards given below.
- The applicants ought to have an adequate number of normal and sound teeth.
- At least 14 dental focuses will be satisfactory.
- A hopeful ought not to be experiencing serious pyorrhea.
- The listening must be ordinary.
- A hopeful ought to have the capacity to hear a constrained whisper with every ear at a separation of 610 cms in a very room.
- There ought to be no confirmation of present or past disease of the ear, nose, and throat.
- A sound metric test will be ruined AF. Sound metric misfortune ought not to exceed+20 db in frequencies somewhere around 250Hz and 4000 Hz.
- For Male:
- Question: What are physical criteria?
Answer: Candidates are advised to go to official notification of cds exam which is released by UPSC.
- First of all, the participants should take care that they are physically & mentally fit and fine and free from any type of disease/disability.
- Participant does not have any type of mental breakdown record in past.
- The aspirant must undergo a preliminary medical check-up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, a fungal infection of skin before reporting for the SSB interview.
- Candidate must be under a standard weight
- The chest should be in fine condition. An x-ray of the candidate will be carried out for figuring out any disease in his chest.
- The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms.
- There should be no disease of bones and joints of the body.
- There are height/weight standards for male & female candidates. Please refer cds official notification.
- Question: How to get refund of payment as I has made payment more than once towards its fee.
Answer: UPSC has no provision to refund any fee amount paid by candidates. Concerned banks may be approached for claiming any extra/ unsuccessful payments made by the candidates.
- Question: How I will fill-up transaction details after making payment by cash to SBI?
Answer: Login into Part II, Click on Pay by Cash -> Through any SBI Branch to find that you have already generated the challan. All generated challans are valid till its closing date. Click on continue on the screen page for filling Transaction-Id & Date and click on Submit.
- Question: When I will visit bank to pay fee by cash & my RID is not found in bank.
Answer: On downloading challan form for cash payment visit Bank on next day & ask Bank to use Screen Reference No. in case of difficulty.
- Question: Is it possible to edit my record submitted in my application?
Answer: There is no editing facility in the application. In case of any mistake in filling application, candidate is responsible. However, fresh application may be made for correction of earlier mistake.
- Question: How I will take printing of my submitted application?
Answer: You may click on View/Print option at https://upsconline.nic.in/upsc/viewapplication.php site. Then enter RID & DOB to print your submitted application.
- Question: I am appearing in the final year of my graduation. Can i apply for cds exam?
Answer: Yes, Candidates who are appearing last year of their graduation can apply for cds exam.
- Question: Can candidates with arts/humanity stream degree apply?
Answer: Candidates with graduation degree from any stream can apply for cds exam. But candidates holding degree from Arts/Humanity can only apply for Army.
- Question: Is there any negative marking for wrong answer in cds exam?
Answer: Candidates should note that there will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.
NDA Frequently Asked Questions
- Question: Can female/girl candidates apply for NDA entrance exam?
Answer: No, Only unmarried male candidates can apply for NDA entrance exam.
- Question: How many times NDA entrance exam are conducted?
Answer: NDA entrance exams are conducted twice a year i.e. NDA I in April & NDA II in September.
- Question: What are the qualifications required to appear in NDA entrance exam?
Answer: For Indian Army wing, candidates should be 12th passed and for Indian Navy & Indian Air Force, candidates should be 12th passed with Physics & Maths as compulsory subjects.
- Question: What is the age limit for NDA entrance exam?
Answer: A candidate should be age of between 16 ½ to 19 ½ years.
For NDA II 2018, students should born between 2nd January 2000 & 1st January 2003.
For NDA I 2019, students should born between 2nd July 2000 & 1st July 2003.
*Both dates are inclusive. **Age calculation will be date from the date of NDA Course Commencement.
- Question: Is there any specific % require to apply for NDA?
Answer: No. As per the NDA notification & UPSC website, there is no such criteria is mentioned.
- Question: Is there any specific 12th board required for appearing in NDA entrance exam?
Answer: Students from any state board, CBSE & ICSE board can appear in NDA entrance exam.
- Question: How many attempts are allowed for appearing in NDA entrance exams?
Answer: There is no such no. of attempts is mentioned in NDA notification or on UPSC website. Students can attempt till they fulfill the age criteria of NDA application.
- Question: Which organization conducts NDA entrance exams?
Answer: UPSC conducts NDA entrance exams.
- Question: What is the application fee to apply for NDA II 2018 exam?
Answer: Application fee for NDA II 2018 is Rs.100. SC & ST are exempted from payment of fee.
- Question: What is the mode of submitting NDA Exam application?
Answer: There is only online mode of submitting application for NDA exam. Although payment of fee can be done either online or deposited the money in the branch of SBI.
- Question: What is the last date to apply NDA II 2018?
Answer: The Online Applications can be filled till 2nd July, 2018 till 6.00 PM.
- Question: What is the NDA selection procedure?
Answer: The selection of candidates is done on the basis of written exam followed by Intelligence and Personality Test – SSB/Interview & Medical fitness test. Written test of Mathematics – 300 Marks – 2 ½ Hrs & General Ability Test (English -200 Marks & General Knowledge – 400 Marks) – 600 Marks – 2 ½ Hrs will be taken. Successful candidates then will be called for SSB Test/Interview – 900 Marks. The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only.
- Question: What is PABT?
Answer: The candidates, who are applying for Air Force wing as First choice & one of the choice as Air Force subject to their eligibility and if they are so willing, have to separately qualify the PABT – Pilot Aptitude Battery Test. Pilot Aptitude Battery Test is an aptitude test designed and conducted for all those candidates who aspire and apply for a flying career in the Air Force. The main aim is to test the mental alertness, presence of mind and self-confidence of the candidate. It checks whether a prospective candidate has proper control over his nerves while he is flying an aircraft. For this, the candidate is put through tests including meter reading, flying test and drum test. Now CPSS (Computerized Pilot Selection System) is being used in place of PABT. Any candidate can appear only once in PABT or CPSS.
- Question: What is SSB?
Answer: SSB stands for Service Selection Board, having responsibility to conduct Interview – Intelligence and Personality Test to evaluate prospective candidates for recruitment in the Army, Navy and Air Force. There is no limit on the number of attempts for SSB Interview. The selection system is designed over a five-day process, Day 1 is the screening test, Day 2 is the Psychologist Tests, Day 3 & 4 is the group tasks and Day 5 is the Conference (Results). The personal interview will be conducted either in day 2,3 or 4 during the post lunch or evening hours.
- Question: What is the date of course commencement for selected candidates in NDA II 2018?
Answer: For the candidates who qualifies NDA II 2018 Exam, the course will be commencing from 2nd July 2019 for 142ndCourse at NDA & 104th Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC).
Question: I have passed NDA written exam. What should I do next for SSB?
Answer: After having cleared the NDA written examination the candidates should log on to the following websites for their ssb centre & date of interview :- joinindianarmy.nic.in, joinindiannavy.gov.in, careerairforce.nic.in
* Candidates appearing for SSB interview for the first time for a particular type of Commission
- e. Permanent or Short Service, shall be entitled for AC III Tier to and fro railway fare or bus fare including reservation cum sleeper charges within the Indian limits only once.
- What are the lists of documents required to appear in SSB?
The following documents are required to appear in SSB.
(a) Original Matric, BE/B Tech Degree certificate / mark sheet.
(b) Ten passport size un-attested photographs.
(c) One pair White PT shoes, two pairs each white socks, white shorts, white T-shirts and two pairs of formal trousers and shirts (sober colour).
(d) Print out of Call letter.
(e) Risk certificate duly signed by parent / guardian to state ‘candidate (name) attending SSB with parent’s / guardian’s consent and at his own risk. Parent / guardian is not entitled to claim any compensation or relief from government for injury sustained during SSB interview.* Candidates have to report at the concerned Railway Station before 14:30 hrs on the reporting date. A representative from the SSB will be present at the railway station for reception. In case of any difficulty, candidates can contact the MCO office.
- Is there any standard height of the candidates required for NDA?
Yes, the minimum acceptable height is 157 cms (162.5 cms. for Air Force). For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North-Eastern regions of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable heights will be 5 cms. less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cm
· NDA 1 2017 Paper Analysis
As per the expert, the overall paper was moderate. Overall the 50% questions were easy, 34% questions were medium & 15-16% questions were hard.
|Sets & Relations||4||3||1||0||2||1||1||3.33%||1.25|
|Sequence & Series||5||2||2||1||0||3||2||4.17%||1.80|
|P & C||3||1||0||2||0||3||0||2.50%||2.33|
|Properties of Triangles||1||1||0||0||0||1||0||0.83%||1.00|
|Height and Distance||1||1||0||0||0||1||0||0.83%||1.00|
|Stat & Probability||20||15||5||0||12||8||0||16.67%||1.25|
|DI, Central Tendency
|Correlation & Regression||2||2||0||0||2||0||0||1.67%||1.00|
|Vectors & 3D||10||5||2||3||2||7||1||8.33%||1.80|
Note: VSA- Very short answer type | SA- Short answer type | LA- Long answer type